*Pablo Bris Marino, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Félix Bendito Muñoz de Cuerva, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Francesca Valsecchi, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Roberto Bologna, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy
We currently live in a world in constant transformation where societies must constantly face new challenges.
While traditional procedures begin to appear ineffective, new methodological design tools offer ways to deal with complex social problems more effectively.
How can design change the way to face problems such as the need for housing in adverse situations, as in the case of natural disasters, where there are large population exoduses in search of shelter? How can design help to form more resilient communities?
Beyond the classic technocratic approach, top-down, universal solutions based on the final product (units or housing modules), which is carried out and developed once the calamity occurs, we propose a new approach based on pre-planning – including urban planning – focused on the real needs of the human being (HCD), adapted to the local context and based on participatory processes (bottom-up) where the sustainability of the whole process prevails – not only the final product, covering its entire life cycle.
Davis, I., Alexander, D. (2016). Recovery from Disaster. Routledge editions.
Felix,D; Monteiro,D; Branco, J.M., Bologna, R., Feio, A. (2015). The role of temporary accommodation buildings for post-disaster housing reconstruction. Journal of Housing and the Build Environment, Vol. 30, issue 4, pp. 1-17. doi:10.1007/s10901-014-9431-4
Dorst, K., Kaldor, L., Klippan, L., Watson, R. (2016). Designing for the Common Good. BIS Publishers.
Bris, P.; Bendito (2017), F. Lessons Learned from the Failed Spanish Refugee System: For the Recovery of Sustainable Public Policies. Sustainability, 9, 1446. doi:10.3390/su9081446